Influence of solvent on size of poly(p-oxybenzoyl) whiskers prepared from p-acetoxybenzoic acid

Kunio Kimura, Ashim Kumer Sarker, Hideki Ohmori, Yuhiko Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(p-oxybenzoyl) (POB) crystals are prepared by the polymerization of p-acetoxybenzoic acid (pABA) at 320°C in various solvents to clarify the influence of miscibility between oligomer 0and solvent on the morphology as well as the size of the crystal. Concerning the morphology, whiskers are formed in less miscible solvents such as liquid paraffin and Barrel process oil B27. On the other hand, bundle-like aggregates of fibrillar crystals tend to be formed in the solvents having higher miscibility such as Therm S 900 and 800, which are aromatic heat exchange media. Further, the solvents having higher temperature at which p-ABA is completely dissolved during polymerization (Ts) yield a larger number of the whiskers with smaller width. The higher supersaturation of oligomers in less miscible solvents causes the formation of a larger number of nuclei with smaller size. Bundle-like aggregates are formed in the solvents whose Ts is lower than 140°C by the fibrillation of pillar-like crystals during polymerization owing to the reorganization. This shows a clear relationship between the width and Ts, and between the number of the crystals and Ts. Hence, the size of the whisker such as the length and the width can be predicted by the calculation with Ts, which is very valuable for the preparation of POB whiskers for use as industrial materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1129-1136
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume87
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 14 2002

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Keywords

  • Crystallization
  • Miscibility
  • Nucleation
  • Oligomers
  • Poly(p-oxybenzoyl)
  • Whisker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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