Influence of Helicobacter pylori eradication on reflux esophagitis in Japanese patients

S. Yagi, Hiroyuki Okada, R. Takenaka, M. Miyoshi, S. Suzuki, T. Toyokawa, Yoshiro Kawahara, K. Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


The relationship between Helicobacter pylori eradication and reflux esophagitis is controversial. We analyzed the development of reflux esophagitis and the change in the grade of pre-existing reflux esophagitis after eradication. Enrolled were 559 Japanese patients who received eradication therapy for H. pylori. The grade of reflux esophagitis by endoscopy before and after therapy was evaluated retrospectively. No esophagitis was present before eradication in 526 patients. H. pylori was and was not eradicated in 429 and 97, respectively. Reflux esophagitis developed in 40 of the eradication group and in three of the treatment failure group, with prevalence higher with successful eradication (P = 0.04). Successful eradication and hiatus hernia were significant risk factors for reflux esophagitis development. Twenty-seven of 33 patients with pre-existing reflux esophagitis had successful eradication and six treatment failure. The reflux esophagitis grade worsened in two (Los Angeles classification from A to B) and improved in 14 patients after eradication. With treatment failure, reflux esophagitis worsened in none and improved in three patients. There showed no significant change in the grade of pre-existing reflux esophagitis after H. pylori eradication but the sample size was too small to evaluate the difference. In conclusion, the eradication of H. pylori increases the prevalence of reflux esophagitis, and hiatus hernia was a significant risk factor for the development of reflux esophagitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-367
Number of pages7
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009



  • Eradication
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Reflux esophagitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this