Influence of excess body weight on the surgical outcomes of total gastrectomy

Daisuke Nobuoka, Naoto Gotohda, Yuichiro Kato, Shinichiro Takahashi, Masaru Konishi, Taira Kinoshita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: We conducted this retrospective study to identify the influence of excess body weight on the surgical outcome of total gastrectomy (TG) and to evaluate recent advances in this operation. Methods: The subjects were 644 consecutive gastric cancer patients who underwent TG between 1992 and 2008. Patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 25.0 kg/m 2 or greater were defined as overweight (overweight group) and those with a BMI less than 25.0 kg/m 2 as not overweight (non-overweight group). Results: The operating times were longer (P = 0.005) and intraoperative blood loss was greater (P < 0.001) in the overweight group. The incidence of overall postoperative complications (P = 0.012) and of pancreatic fistula (P < 0.001) were significantly higher in the overweight group. In recent years, we achieved a reduction in operating time (P < 0.001), intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.033), and incidence of pancreatic fistula (P = 0.005), while maintaining curability, in the overweight group. Conclusions: Although TG for gastric cancer is technically more difficult in overweight patients, they should not be denied this operation. Conversely, we should make a greater effort to improve the surgical outcomes of overweight patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)928-934
Number of pages7
JournalSurgery today
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2011

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Gastric cancer
  • Overweight
  • Surgical outcome
  • Total gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Nobuoka, D., Gotohda, N., Kato, Y., Takahashi, S., Konishi, M., & Kinoshita, T. (2011). Influence of excess body weight on the surgical outcomes of total gastrectomy. Surgery today, 41(7), 928-934. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00595-010-4397-7