Influence of cepharanthin and hyperthermia on the intracellular accumulation of adriamycin and Fluo3, an indicator of Ca2+

Koji Nishikawa, Jun-Ichi Asaumi, Shoji Kawasaki, Koichi Shibuya, Masahiro Kuroda, Yoshihiro Takeda, Yoshio Hiraki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study, the mechanism involved in the enhancement of adriamycin (ADR) accumulation by cepharanthin (CEP) and hyperthermia were examined. The accumulation of ADR and Fluo3 (an indicator of Ca2+) was increased by treatment with CEP. This suggests that ADR accumulation may increase due to increased influx of Ca2+. The ADR accumulation increased with increasing the KCl concentration in the presence of CEP when the KCl concentation was over 200 mM. This demonstrates that ADR accumulation increases with treatment with CEP and increasing the KCl concentration after the cell membrane potential reaches 0. ADR accumulation did not change with the extracellular pH in the absence of NaHCO3. CEP increased the ADR accumulation with increasing extracellular pH, regardless of NaHCO3. This suggests that CEP may affect the H+ flux, and consequently increase ADR accumulation regardless of NaHCO3. Further, it increased with increasing extracellular pH in the presence of NaHCO3, regardless of CEP. It is thought that the interaction between H+ and HCO3- may cause increased ADR accumulation. ADR accumulation was decreased by DIDS and amiloride at 37°C. ADR accumulation in the presence of amiloride at 45°C was increased compared with that at 37°C. However, the accumulation combined with amiloride and hyperthermia was lower than with treatment with ADR only at 37°C. This indicates that ADR accumulation is decreasd by amiloride and increased by hyperthermia. ADR accumulation is further decreased by DIDS at 45°C compared with 37°C. This suggests that the H+ flux in hyperthermia is influenced by Cl/HCO3- exchanger but not Na+/H+ exchanger.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1649-1654
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume18
Issue number3 A
Publication statusPublished - May 1998

Fingerprint

Doxorubicin
Fever
Amiloride
4,4'-Diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-Disulfonic Acid
cepharanthine
Chloride-Bicarbonate Antiporters
Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter
Membrane Potentials
Cell Membrane

Keywords

  • Adriamycin
  • Cepharanthin
  • Fluo3
  • Hyperthermia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Influence of cepharanthin and hyperthermia on the intracellular accumulation of adriamycin and Fluo3, an indicator of Ca2+. / Nishikawa, Koji; Asaumi, Jun-Ichi; Kawasaki, Shoji; Shibuya, Koichi; Kuroda, Masahiro; Takeda, Yoshihiro; Hiraki, Yoshio.

In: Anticancer Research, Vol. 18, No. 3 A, 05.1998, p. 1649-1654.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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