Inflammation-induced miRNA-155 inhibits self-renewal of neural stem cells via suppression of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein β (C/EBPβ) expression

Kayoko Obora, Yuta Onodera, Toshiyuki Takehara, John Frampton, Joe Hasei, Toshifumi Ozaki, Takeshi Teramura, Kanji Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intracerebral inflammation resulting from injury or disease is implicated in disruption of neural regeneration and may lead to irreversible neuronal dysfunction. Analysis of inflammation-related microRNA profiles in various tissues, including the brain, has identified miR-155 among the most prominent miRNAs linked to inflammation. Here, we hypothesize that miR-155 mediates inflammationinduced suppression of neural stem cell (NSC) self-renewal. Using primary mouse NSCs and human NSCs derived from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, we demonstrate that three important genes involved in NSC self-renewal (Msi1, Hes1 and Bmi1) are suppressed by miR-155. We also demonstrate that suppression of self-renewal genes is mediated by the common transcription factor C/EBPβ, which is a direct target of miR-155. Our study describes an axis linking inflammation and miR-155 to expression of genes related to NSC self-renewal, suggesting that regulation of miR-155 may hold potential as a novel therapeutic strategy for treating neuroinflammatory diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43604
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Inflammation-induced miRNA-155 inhibits self-renewal of neural stem cells via suppression of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein β (C/EBPβ) expression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this