Industrial distributions of severe occupational injuries among workers in Thailand

Michiyo Yamakawa, Pornchai Sithisarankul, Takashi Yorifuji, Sarunya Hengpraprom, Narin Hiransuthikul, Hiroyuki Doi, Soshi Takao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In industrializing countries, occupational safety and health have been affected by globalization. However, a lack of reliable data prevents evaluation of this situation. Therefore, we examined industrial distributions and risks of severe occupational injuries among workers in Thailand, which is one of the few industrializing countries that compiles nationwide data. Methods: Data on workers who made claims for occupational injuries from 2007 to 2009 were extracted from the Workmen's Compensation Fund records in Thailand. Among 501,334 claimants, we evaluated the industrial distributions of severe occupational injuries (i.e., permanent disability and death). We then examined the associations between industry and those injuries, using proportionate ratios (PRs) between each industrial category and the overall distribution of occupational injuries. Results: The number of workers in manufacturing making claims for severe occupational injuries was the largest among all industrial categories (319,114/501,334 injuries), although the total number of occupational injuries recently declined. Additionally, workers in manufacturing experienced severe occupational injuries more often compared with the overall distribution of occupational injuries. The PRs (95% confidence interval) for manufacturing were 1.17 (1.14-1.20) in men and 1.33 (1.27-1.38) in women. After adjusting for individual characteristics, the results Thailanddid not substantially change. Conclusions: Manufacturing seems to have the largest burden of occupational injuries in industrializing countries like Thailand.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-421
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Industrializing country
  • Industry
  • Occupational injuries
  • Risk
  • Thailand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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