We report here the induction of specific protective cellular immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis by the employment of vaccination with recombinant attenuated Listeria monocytogenes strains. We constructed self-destructing attenuated L. monocytogenes Δ2 strains carrying eukaryotic expression plasmids for the antigen 85 complex (Ag85A and Ag85B) and for MPB/MPT51 (mycobacterial protein secreted by M. bovis BCG/mycobacterial protein secreted by M. tuberculosis) molecules. Infection of these recombinant bacteria allowed expression of the genes in the J774A.1 murine macrophage cell line. Intraperitoneal vaccination of C57BL/6 mice with these recombinant bacteria was capable of inducing purified protein derivative-specific cellular immune responses, such as foot pad reactions, proliferative responses of splenocytes, and gamma interferon production from splenocytes, suggesting the efficacy of vaccination against mycobacterial infection by use of these recombinant L. monocytogenes strains. Furthermore, intravenons vaccination with recombinant bacteria carrying expression plasmids for Ag85A, Ag85B, or MPB/ MPT51 in BALB/c mice elicited significant protective responses, comparable to those evoked by a live Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine. Notably, this is the first report to show that MPB/MPT51 is a major protective antigen in addition to Ag85A and Ag85B, which have been reported to be major mycobacterial protective antigens.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases