Background: Locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC) invading surrounding organs (T4b) is difficult to treat. In general, definitive chemoradiotherapy (d-CRT) has been chosen as treatment for such cases. However, the outcome has not been good. Recently, the effectiveness of d-CRT with docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF-RT) has been reported. Furthermore, surgery after d-CRT has a better prognosis than d-CRT alone in some reports, although it has a high risk of surgical complications. This study investigated the effectiveness and safety of induction DCF-RT. Methods: The subjects were EC patients who underwent induction DCF-RT in Okayama University Hospital between January 2011 and December 2017. Their background characteristics, treatment details, histopathological factors, adverse events during CRT, postoperative complications, and overall survival (OS) were assessed. Results: A total of 16 cases were performed induction DCF-RT. In 10 cases, death occurred, with 9 cancer-related deaths, and 1 death due to other disease. For all cases, OS was 37.5% at 3 years. 12 cases underwent esophagectomy after DCF-RT. Their OS was 50% at 3 years. 13 patients (81.3%) had Grade 3 febrile neutropenia. In 7 cases (62.5%), fasting for the treatment of diarrhea was needed. Three patients (25%) developed anastomotic leakage. Some recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis was observed in 6 cases (50%). Conclusion: Although the rates of adverse events and surgical complications were slightly higher than in past reports, they were acceptable. It is useful to perform induction DCF-RT for T4b EC.
- Esophageal cancer
- Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas