Individual factors of fall according to time of day in a residential care facility for the elderly

Sei Sato, Takehito Hayakawa, Hideyuki Kanda, Tomohiro Kumagai, Takeyasu Kakamu, Masayoshi Tsuji, Tomoo Hidaka, Shota Endo, Yayoi Mori, Tetsuhito Fukushima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

[Purpose] The circumstances of falls in a residential care facility for the aged were investigated and analyzed according to the time of day, to clarify the characteristics of individual factors of falls. [Subjects and Methods] The first falls of 94 residents of a care facility in Fukushima City were investigated. Age, gender, height, weight, care level, activity category, dementia category, ADL assessment, grip strength, Hasegawa Scale, 10-meter gait, BPSD of the subjects, and the place of the fall were assessed and compared according to the time of the fall. [Result] There were 39 falls in the day (09:01~17:00), 32 falls in the evening (17:01~01:00), and 23 falls in the morning (01:01~09:00). Fallers in the morning period had significantly shorter height and BPSD nighttime insomnia, and a larger number of corridor falls. [Conclusion] Short subjects with nighttime insomnia using corridors in the small hours and early morning have a high risk of fall, and therefore require attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
JournalRigakuryoho Kagaku
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Individual factor
  • Time of fall

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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    Sato, S., Hayakawa, T., Kanda, H., Kumagai, T., Kakamu, T., Tsuji, M., Hidaka, T., Endo, S., Mori, Y., & Fukushima, T. (2017). Individual factors of fall according to time of day in a residential care facility for the elderly. Rigakuryoho Kagaku, 32(1), 133-137. https://doi.org/10.1589/rika.32.133