Individual Ants Do Not Show Activity-Rest Rhythms in Nest Conditions

Haruna Fujioka, Masato S. Abe, Yasukazu Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Circadian rhythms, which respond to the day-night cycle on the earth, arise from the endogenous timekeeping system within organisms, called the “biological clock.” For accurate circadian rhythms, daily fluctuations in light and temperature are considered one of the important time cues. In social insects, both abiotic and biotic factors (i.e., social interactions) play a significant role in activity-rest rhythm regulation. However, it is challenging to monitor individual activity-rest rhythms in a colony because of the large group size and small body size. Therefore, it is unclear whether individuals in a colony exhibit activity-rest rhythms and how social interactions regulate their activity-rest rhythms in the colony. This study developed an image-based tracking system using 2D barcodes for Diacamma cf. indicum from Japan (a monomorphic ant) and measured the locomotor activities of all colony members under laboratory colony conditions. We also investigated the effect of broods on activity-rest rhythms by removing all broods under colony conditions. Activity-rest rhythms appeared only in isolated ants, not under colony conditions. In addition, workers showed arrhythmic activities after brood removal. These results suggested that a mixture of social interactions, and not light and temperature, induces the loss of activity-rest rhythms. These results contribute to the knowledge of a diverse pattern of circadian activity rhythms in social insects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-310
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of biological rhythms
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • arrhythmic activity
  • circadian rhythm
  • Diacamma
  • monomorphic ant
  • social insect
  • social interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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