Increased susceptibility to oxidant-mediated tissue injury and peritoneal fibrosis in acatalasemic mice

Naomi Fukuoka, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Yoko Kikumoto, Kei Ichi Takiue, Hiroshi Morinaga, Kazushi Nakao, Yohei Maeshima, Masato Asanuma, Da Hong Wang, Keiki Ogino, Noriyoshi Masuoka, Hirofumi Makino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Peritoneal fibrosis is a major complication leading to the loss of peritoneal function in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. However, the effect of catalase depletion on peritoneal fibrosis has not yet been investigated. Methods: The impact of catalase deficiency on progressive peritoneal fibrosis has been studied in homozygous acatalasemic mutant mice or control wild-type mice by intraperitoneal injection of chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) every other day for 14 days. Results: The CG injections resulted in a thicker peritoneal membrane, reflecting peritoneal fibrosis with accumulation of interstitial type I collagen, peritoneal deposition of lipid peroxidation products (4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and 4-hydroxy-2-hexenal), and an elevated level of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine in peritoneal fluid in both mouse groups on day 14. The extent of these changes, however, was significantly higher in acatalasemic mice than in wild-type mice. The level of catalase activity remained low in the acatalasemic peritoneum without the compensatory upregulation of glutathione peroxidase, but with an insufficient upregulation of superoxide dismutase activity in CG-injected mice. Conclusions: Acatalasemia, therefore, exacerbates oxidant tissue injury and induces the peritoneum to develop irreversible fibrosis which is the most important complication of peritoneal dialysis. This study suggests that catalase plays a crucial role in the defense against oxidant-mediated peritoneal injury in a mouse peritoneal fibrosis model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-668
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Acatalasemia, mouse study
  • Catalase
  • Lipid peroxidation products
  • Oxidative stress
  • Peritoneal dialysis, catalase depletion
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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