Increased 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in bilateral adrenal glands of the patients suffering from vasovagal reaction due to blood vessel puncture

Yoichi Otomi, Takayoshi Shinya, Hideki Otsuka, Kaori Terazawa, Saho Irahara, Saki Nagase, Ayaka Takahashi, Michiko Kubo, Masafumi Harada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the hypothesis that patients having a vasovagal reaction (VVR) after blood vessel puncture show increased FDG accumulation in bilateral adrenal glands. Methods: Over the past 8 years, 26 patients experienced a VVR after blood vessel puncture following intra-venous injection of FDG at our institution. Of the 26 patients, 16 underwent multiple-occasion FDG-PET/CT scans while suffering a VVR at only one examination. All 16 patients had no morphological abnormality in the adrenal glands on FDG-PET/CT and follow-up examination. For the 16, we retrospectively reviewed the FDG-PET/CT scan with respect to the adrenal glands and compared the result to that for the FDG-PET/CT scan of the same patient when there was no VVR event. We used both visual analysis and semi-quantitative analysis employing either maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) or adrenal-to-liver (A/L) SUVmax ratio. Results: On visual analysis of the FDG-PET/CT with VVR, accumulations in both of the adrenal glands was judged positive, defined as higher than the hepatic accumulation, in 84 % of the cases. The SUVmax in the right adrenal gland was 2.79 ± 0.69 with VVR and 1.92 ± 0.33 without VVR; this value in the left adrenal gland was 3.07 ± 0.71 with VVR and 2.05 ± 0.39 without. Mean SUVmax of both adrenal glands was 2.93 ± 0.66 with VVR and 1.98 ± 0.35 without. The A/L SUVmax ratio in the right adrenal gland was 1.02 ± 0.26 with VVR and 0.69 ± 0.11 without; this value in the left was 1.11 ± 0.23 with VVR and 0.74 ± 0.15 without. The mean A/L SUVmax ratio of both adrenal glands was 1.06 ± 0.24 with VVR and 0.72 ± 0.13 without. Each parameter with VVR was significantly higher than that without. For the two adrenal glands, the mean SUVmax with VVR was 48 % higher than that without VVR. Conclusions: We confirmed the hypothesis that patients having a VVR after blood vessel puncture show increased FDG accumulation in their bilateral adrenal glands. This may reflect hyper-metabolism of the adrenal glands in synthesizing and secreting catecholamine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-505
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adrenal gland
  • FDG
  • PET/CT
  • Vagal reflex
  • Vasovagal reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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