Background: The pharmacodynamic effects of changing from standard-dose clopidogrel to low-dose (3.75 mg) prasugrel in Japanese patients are largely unknown. Methods and Results: A total of 53 consecutive Japanese patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) who received aspirin and clopidogrel were enrolled. Clopidogrel was switched to 3.75 mg prasugrel. At day 14, prasugrel was switched to 75 mg clopidogrel. Platelet reactivity was measured using the VerifyNow assay at baseline, day 14, and day 28. VerifyNow P2Y12 reaction units (PRU) >208 was defined as high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR). The prevalence of HPR (18.9% vs. 41.5% vs. 44.2%, P<0.001) and the PRU level (154.3±54.2 vs. 196.2±55.5 vs. 194.6±55.8, P<0.001) were significantly lower on prasugrel maintenance therapy compared with the clopidogrel therapy before and after switching. The CYP2C19 genotypes that account for the 3 phenotypes (ie, extensive metabolizer, intermediate metabolizer, and poor metabolizer) had a significant impact on platelet reactivity with clopidogrel (174.9±54.0 vs. 193.1±56.5 vs. 240.6±25.4 PRU, P<0.001) but not prasugrel (147.0±51.9 vs. 147.5±58.3 vs. 184.4±38.3 PRU, P=0.15). Conclusions: Low-dose prasugrel achieves stronger platelet inhibition than clopidogrel in Japanese patients with stable CAD.
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Platelet resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine