Phosphorylation of histone H3 at Ser-10 is required for maintenance of proper chromosome dynamics during mitosis. AIM-1, a mammalian Ip11/aurora kinase involved in H3 phosphorylation, is transcriptionally overexpressed in many tumor cell lines. Increased expression of the AIM-1 gene has been observed in human colorectal tumors of advanced grade and stage. Here we report that forced exogenous overexpression of AIM-1 in Chinese hamster embryo cells causes increased mitotic Ser-10 phosphorylation with concomitant induction of lagging chromosomes during mitosis. Lagging chromosomes could also be induced by transfection with mutated histone H3 (S10E), which is thought to maintain Ser-10 in the phosphorylated state. In the present study, chromosome number instability and increased tumor invasiveness were noted in constitutively AIM-1-overexpressing cells in vivo. Increased mitotic Ser-10 phosphorylation was also observed in various colorectal tumor cells with high AIM-1 expression levels. These data suggest that increased H3 histone phosphorylation as a result of AIM-1 overexpression is a major precipitating factor of chromosome instability and, thus, may play a role in carcinogenesis.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research