Infection by the enteric bacterial pathogen Shigella results in intense mucosal inflammation and destruction of the colonic and rectal epithelium in infected humans. Initial bacterial translocation occurs through the follicle- associated epithelium. Previous experiments suggest that interleukin-1 (IL-1) is crucial to trigger inflammation, particularly in the follicular zones. During the first 4 hours of infection in a rabbit ligated-loop model of intestinal invasion, there are two salient characteristics: (i) a high concentration of IL-1α and IL-1β, both in infected Peyer's patch tissue and in the corresponding efferent mesenteric blood, and (ii) a very low level of expression of IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). These may reflect a combination of regulation of expression and secretion of IL-lα IL-1β, and IL-1ra by both resident and recruited phagocytes and the induction of mononuclear phagocyte apoptosis by Shigella. This low IL-1ra/IL-1 ratio likely accounts for the rapid, uncontrolled inflammation characteristic of shigellosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases