Increased expression of matrilin-3 not only in osteoarthritic articular cartilage but also in cartilage-forming tumors, and down-regulation of SOX9 via epidermal growth factor domain 1-dependent signaling

Jean Baptiste Vincourt, Jean Michel Vignaud, Frédéric Lionneton, François Sirveaux, Harumi Kawaki, Sophie Marchal, Sandra Lomazzi, François Plénat, François Guillemin, Patrick Netter, Masaharu Takigawa, Didier Mainard, Jacques Magdalou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To identify regulators of the cartilaginous phenotype, on the basis of their differential expression in human conventional chondrogenic tumors compared with articular cartilage. Methods. Differential proteomics analysis revealed matrilin-3 (MATN3) as a candidate regulator of the cartilaginous phenotype. Its capacity to modulate gene expression was investigated in human HCS-2/8 chondrosarcoma cells and transfected chondrocytes, using cell culture fractionation, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot analyses. Results. Increased expression of the cartilage-specific matrix protein MATN3 was specifically observed in enchondromas and conventional chondrosarcomas. A substantial fraction of MATN3 was found in cytoplasmic structures of tumor cells, as demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. Analyses of intracellular MATN3 revealed that it corresponded to an imperfectly maturated MATN3 polypeptide, both in HCS-2/8 human chondrosarcoma cells and in transfected human chondrocytes. Moderately increased expression of MATN3 resulted in its intracellular retention. Antibody-mediated blockade of soluble, extracellular MATN3 in HCS-2/8 cell cultures resulted in increased expression of MATN3 and the chondrogenic transcription factor SOX9. Conversely, increased ectopic expression of MATN3 resulted in decreased expression of MATN3 and SOX9 in primary chondrocytes, while a mutant MATN3 lacking its first epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domain failed to down-regulate SOX9. Conclusion. Aberrant expression and processing of MATN3 are hallmarks of conventional cartilaginous neoplasms. A particular step in the maturation of MATN3 limits its processing through the secretion machinery, resulting in its intracellular accumulation upon increased expression. Soluble, secreted MATN3, however, down-regulates SOX9 at the messenger RNA and protein levels. The first EGF-like domain of MATN3 is a critical determinant of its regulatory activity toward SOX9. These activities of MATN3 suggest that its increased expression in osteoarthritis might contribute to the degeneration of articular cartilage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2798-2808
Number of pages11
JournalArthritis and Rheumatism
Volume58
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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