Increase in the stability of serine acetyltransferase from Escherichia coli against cold inactivation and proteolysis by forming a bienzyme complex

Koshiki Mino, Koreyoshi Imamura, Takaharu Sakiyama, Naoki Eisaki, Asahi Matsuyama, Kazuhiro Nakanishi

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cysteine synthetase from Escherichia coli is a bienzyme complex composed of serine acetyltransferase (SAT) and O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase-A (OASS). The effects of the complex formation on the stability of SAT against cold inactivation and proteolysis were investigated. SAT was reversibly inactivated on cooling to 0°C. Ultracentrifugal analysis showed that SAT (a hexamer) was dissociated mostly into two trimers on cooling to 0°C in the absence of OASS, while in the presence of OASS one trimer of the SAT subunits formed a complex with one dimer of OASS subunits. In the presence of OASS, not only the cold inactivation rate was reduced but also the reactivation rate was increased. Furthermore, SAT became stable against proteolytic attack by α-chymotrypsin and V8 protease by forming the complex with OASS. On the other hand, SAT was degraded by trypsin in the same manner both in the presence and in the absence of OASS. The different tendency in the stability against proteolysis with the different proteases was discussed with respect to the substrate specificity of the proteases and amino acid sequence of the C-terminal region of SAT that interacts with OASS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-874
Number of pages10
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2001

Keywords

  • Cold inactivation
  • Cysteine synthetase
  • Enzyme complex
  • Proteolysis
  • Serine acetyltransferase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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