Increase in cerebral blood flow as a predictor of hyperbaric oxygen-induced convulsion in artificially ventilated rats

Toshiaki Kurasako, Yoshimasa Takeda, Masahisa Hirakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spontaneously breathing rats, a transient increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) has been shown to be a predictor of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO)-induced convulsion. In the present study, we evaluated whether artificially ventilated animals also show an increase in CBF prior to the onset of HBO-induced convulsion. Rats were ventilated with 100% oxygen in 5 atmospheres. CBF, blood pressure, and an electroencephalogram were monitored continuously. Convulsion was observed at 41 ± 12 min after the initiation of HBO treatment. A single abrupt increase in CBF, reaching 223 ± 39% of the control level, was observed at 29 ±13 min after the initiation of HBO exposure and lasted until the onset of convulsion 12 ⊥ 2 min later. The time of the increase in CBF correlated strongly with the onset of convulsion (r = 0.99, P < 0.001). Further, the logistic regression curve demonstrated a close relationship between the duration of increased CBF and percentage of epileptiform electrical-discharge incidence (r = 0.92, P < 0.006). The durations of increased CBF causing convulsion in 10%, 50%, and 90% of the rats were 8.4 min, 1 1.7 min, and 1 5.1 min, respectively. These results indicate that an increase in CBF is a predictor of HBO-induced convulsion in artificially ventilated rats. The increase in CBF may be involved in the pathogenesis of HBO-induced convulsion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume54
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • Artificial ventilation
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Laser-doppler flowmetry
  • Oxygen toxicity
  • Seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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