Incidence of and risk factors for pneumothorax and chest tube placement after CT fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous lung biopsy: Retrospective analysis of the procedures conducted over a 9-year period

Takao Hiraki, Hidefumi Mimura, Hideo Gobara, Kentaro Shibamoto, Daisaku Inoue, Yusuke Matsui, Susumu Kanazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to retrospectively evaluate the incidence of and the risk factors for pneumothorax and chest tube placement after CT fluoroscopy-guided lung biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We analyzed 1,098 CT fluoroscopy-guided lung biopsies conducted with 20-gauge coaxial cutting needles for 1,155 lesions in 1,033 patients. Apart from evaluating the incidence of pneumothorax and chest tube placement, the independent risk factors for pneumothorax and chest tube placement for pneumothorax were determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS. The overall incidence of pneumothorax was 42.3% (464/1,098). Chest tube placement was required for 11.9% (55/464) of pneumothoraces (5.0% [55/1,098] of the total number of procedures). The significant independent risk factors for pneumothorax were no prior pulmonary surgery (p = 0.001), lesions in the lower lobe (p < 0.001), greater lesion depth (p < 0.001), and a needle trajectory angle of < 45° (p = 0.014); those for chest tube placement for pneumothorax were pulmonary emphysema (p < 0.001) and greater lesion depth (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION. Pneumothorax frequently occurred and placement of a chest tube was occasionally required for pneumothorax after CT fluoroscopy-guided lung biopsy. To reduce the risk of pneumothorax necessitating chest tube placement, physicians should adopt the shortest needle path to the lesion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)809-814
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume194
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2010

Keywords

  • CT
  • Chest tube placement
  • Complications
  • Lung biopsy
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pulmonary neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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