In vivo adenovirus-mediated gene transfer and the expression in ischemic and reperfused rat brain

K. Abe, Y. Setoguchi, T. Hayashi, Y. Itoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In an attempt to study whether ischemic brain could express a foreign gene in vivo, a replication-defective adenoviral vector containing the Escherichia coli lacZ gene was directly injected into the ischemic or reperfused cerebral cortex of rat, and temporal and spatial profiles of the exogenous gene expression were compared with that of the control brain. Right middle cerebral artery (MCA) of rat was continuously occluded by an insertion of nylon thread for 2 days, or only transiently occluded for 90 min and then the blood flow was restored for 21 days. The adenoviral vector was administered just after the MCA occlusion or reperfusion in the case of continuous ischemia and reperfusion, respectively. Adenoviral vector was transferred into the continuous ischemic brain, and the lacZ gene was expressed until 2 days of the occlusion in the cerebral cortex of the occluded MCA territory with the number of expressing cells smaller and the staining just weaker than that of the control brain. In contrast, expression of the lacZ gene was not or only minimally observed in the reperfused brain until 2 days. However, the expression dramatically exploded at 7 days of reperfusion at a level similar to that of the control, and the expression diminished by 21 days. A few neurons in the ipsilateral thalamus, hypothalamus, and basal ganglia, and in the contralateral cerebral cortex expressed the lacZ gene at 7 days after reperfusion, a phenomenon similar to the case of the control. The majority of brain cells that expressed the lacZ gene were neurons, and a part (5-10%) were astroglial cells. Traumatic injury and immunological response in the brain were minimal both in the cases of control and ischemia/reperfusion. The present study shows an effective gene transfer and the expression in neural cells of ischemic and reperfused brains in vive, and suggests a great potential of the gene therapy for ischemic stroke patients in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-201
Number of pages11
JournalBrain Research
Volume763
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Gene transfer
  • Ischemia
  • lacZ gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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