To analyze the mechanisms for in vitro emergence of the syncytial variants of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), several cell lines were infected with a mixture of equal amounts of two HSV-1 variants, one syncytial and the other non-syncytial, and changes in their relative abundance were monitored during passage. With a combination of two variants of the Miyama strain of HSV-1, the syncytial variant became dominant during passage in Vero, RK-13 and FL cells. On the other hand, the ratios of the two variants remained around 1:1 during the passage in HEp-2, MGC and HEL cells. In another set of variants of the SKO strain of HSV-1, the outcomes were different from those of the Miyama strain in the FL, MGC and HEp-2 cells. The ratios of the two variants remained around 1:1 during passage in FL cells, while the non-syncytial variant became dominant during passage in MGC and HEp-2 cells. In addition, we examined the effects of a complement and interferon-β (IFN-β) on the outcome of the selection. As a result, the complement slowed the selection of a syncytial variant, whereas IFN-β facilitated it.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Cytopathic effect
- Glycoprotein C
- Herpes simplex virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas