In vitro cell subtype-specific transduction of adeno-associated virus in mouse and marmoset retinal explant culture

Yukihiro Baba, Shinya Satoh, Makoto Otsu, Erika Sasaki, Takashi Okada, Sumiko Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) is a non-pathogenic human parvovirus that can infect both non-proliferating and proliferating cells. Owing to its favorable safety profile, AAV is regarded as suitable for clinical purposes such as gene therapy. The target cell types of AAV depend largely on the serotype. In the retina, AAV has been used to introduce exogenous genes into photoreceptors, and photoreceptor-specific enhancers/promoters are used in most cases. Therefore, serotype specificity of AAV in retinal subtypes is unclear, particularly in vitro. We compared its infection profile in mouse and monkey retinas using EGFP under the control of the CAG promoter, which expressed the gene ubiquitously and strongly regardless of cell type. AAV1, 8, and 9 infected the horizontal cells when an embryonic day-17 retina was used as a host. Amacrine cell was also a major target of AAVs, and a small number of rod photoreceptors were infected. When adult retinas were used as a host, the main target of AAV was Müller glia. A small number of rod photoreceptors were also infected. In the adult common marmoset retina, rod and cone photoreceptors were efficiently infected by AAV1, 8, and 9. A portion of the Müller glia and amacrine cells were also infected. In summary, the infection specificity of different AAV serotypes did not differ, but was dependent on the stage of the host retina. In addition, infection specificities differed between mature marmoset retinas and mature mouse retinas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2716-2722
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimie
Volume94
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Callithrix
Dependovirus
Viruses
Retina
Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells
Amacrine Cells
Neuroglia
Genes
Infection
Gene therapy
Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells
Parvovirus
Vertebrate Photoreceptor Cells
In Vitro Techniques
Cones
Genetic Therapy
Haplorhini
Safety

Keywords

  • AAV
  • Marmoset
  • Mouse
  • Retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

In vitro cell subtype-specific transduction of adeno-associated virus in mouse and marmoset retinal explant culture. / Baba, Yukihiro; Satoh, Shinya; Otsu, Makoto; Sasaki, Erika; Okada, Takashi; Watanabe, Sumiko.

In: Biochimie, Vol. 94, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 2716-2722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baba, Yukihiro ; Satoh, Shinya ; Otsu, Makoto ; Sasaki, Erika ; Okada, Takashi ; Watanabe, Sumiko. / In vitro cell subtype-specific transduction of adeno-associated virus in mouse and marmoset retinal explant culture. In: Biochimie. 2012 ; Vol. 94, No. 12. pp. 2716-2722.
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