In situ X-ray diffraction study on pressure-induced structural changes in hydrous forsterite and enstatite melts

Akihiro Yamada, Toru Inoue, Satoru Urakawa, Ken ichi Funakoshi, Nobumasa Funamori, Takumi Kikegawa, Tetsuo Irifune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We investigated the pressure-induced structural changes in hydrous forsterite and enstatite melts using in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction. Diffraction data was collected up to 6.9GPa at superliquidus temperatures. At pressures below 3GPa, the first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP), which reflects the silicate network ordering in the silicate melts that consist of ...SiOSi... linkages, is shifted notably toward higher Q (scattering vector [Å-1]) in both melt compositions. This observation indicates that water has a depolymerizing effect on the silicate network below 3GPa, which means that ...SiOSi... linkages are partially disrupted by hydroxyl species (Si-OH units). In contrast, the peaks move to lower Q at pressures above 3GPa in spite of the compression, which indicates lengthening of the silicate network ordering (i.e., polymerization of silicate network). This observation indicates that water changes to have a polymerizing effect on the silicate network above 3GPa by a new free hydroxyl group such as Mg-OH, which was previously proposed in the study on hydrous silicate glasses structure. In fact, the structural changes in the present study are more pronounced in the hydrous Mg2SiO4 melt, suggesting that the MgO component has an important influence on the polymerization of hydrous melt structure at 3-5GPa. The present structural change, re-polymerization at high pressure, in hydrous silicate melt can influence the viscosity. Such a relatively high-viscosity hydrous magma may be able to stay (or be decreased in the rising velocity) at a depth of 100-180km, which can enhance the decrease in a seismological wave velocity in the Earth's asthenosphere as proposed in previous seismological observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-123
Number of pages9
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume308
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2011

Fingerprint

Silicates
enstatite
forsterite
structural change
silicates
silicate
X-ray diffraction
melt
X ray diffraction
diffraction
polymerization
x rays
silicate melt
Polymerization
viscosity
linkages
Hydroxyl Radical
Diffraction
Viscosity
asthenosphere

Keywords

  • Effect of water
  • High pressure and temperature
  • Hydrous ultrabasic magma
  • In situ XRD
  • Silicate melt structure
  • The Earth's asthenosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

In situ X-ray diffraction study on pressure-induced structural changes in hydrous forsterite and enstatite melts. / Yamada, Akihiro; Inoue, Toru; Urakawa, Satoru; Funakoshi, Ken ichi; Funamori, Nobumasa; Kikegawa, Takumi; Irifune, Tetsuo.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 308, No. 1-2, 01.08.2011, p. 115-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamada, Akihiro ; Inoue, Toru ; Urakawa, Satoru ; Funakoshi, Ken ichi ; Funamori, Nobumasa ; Kikegawa, Takumi ; Irifune, Tetsuo. / In situ X-ray diffraction study on pressure-induced structural changes in hydrous forsterite and enstatite melts. In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2011 ; Vol. 308, No. 1-2. pp. 115-123.
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