In situ solid state 7Li NMR observations of lithium metal deposition during overcharge in Lithium Ion Batteries

J. Arai, Y. Okada, T. Sugiyama, M. Izuka, Kazuma Gotoh, K. Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium metal deposition during overcharge in practical lithium ion cells composed of a lithium metal oxide (LiCoO2) positive electrode coated on Al foil, carbon (synthesized graphite and hard carbon) negative electrodes coated on Cu foil, polypropylene separator, and liquid electrolyte was observed using in situ solid state 7Li nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements with an original probe featuring a flattened solenoid coil. Li insertion and extraction in carbon electrodes were monitored during charge and discharge and the intensities of certain peaks were found to be proportional to the cell capacity change. The deposition of metallic Li commenced after the cell voltage exceeded the nominal value and almost saturated after 160% of charge at a low current rate. The measurements showed that the deposition of metallic Li was much easier on graphite compared to hard carbon. The metallic Li deposited on hard carbon was almost completely discharged, whereas that on graphite remained after discharging to 2.5 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A952-A958
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume162
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Lithium
electric batteries
Carbon
lithium
Metals
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Graphite
solid state
nuclear magnetic resonance
carbon
metals
graphite
ions
Metal foil
Electrodes
electrodes
foils
cells
Magnetic resonance measurement
lithium oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

In situ solid state 7Li NMR observations of lithium metal deposition during overcharge in Lithium Ion Batteries. / Arai, J.; Okada, Y.; Sugiyama, T.; Izuka, M.; Gotoh, Kazuma; Takeda, K.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, No. 6, 2015, p. A952-A958.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Gotoh, Kazuma

AU - Takeda, K.

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