Caveolin-1, a structural component of caveolae, is over-expressed in metastatic and androgen-resistant prostate cancer and highly expressed in tumor-associated endothelial cells. The mouse cav-1 promoter was cloned and placed upstream of the HSV-tk gene in an adenoviral vector (Adcav-1tk) and compared with a cytomegalovirus (CMV) or Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) promoter-driven HSV-tk, AdCMVtk and AdRSVtk vectors, respectively. Mouse and human prostate cancer cells and mouse endothelial cells were infected with Adcav-1tk, AdCMVtk or control vectors without the HSV-tk gene (Adcav-1 and AdCMV) and subsequently treated with ganciclovir (GCV). GCV-mediated in vitro cytotoxicity induced by the Adcav-1tk vector was comparable to that for AdCMVtk in multiple mouse and human prostate cancer cell lines. To evaluate the activity of Adcav1tk in vivo, orthotopic mouse prostate cancer tumors were generated with RM-9 cells and injected in situ with Adcav1-tk, AdCMVtk, AdRSVtk, or AdCMVβgal (control) and treated with GCV. All three HSV-tk transducing vectors produced statistically significant reductions in wet weight and increased apoptotic indices compared with the control vector. However, only Adcav-1tk produced significant necrosis, and only Adcav-1tk and AdRSVtk caused significant decreases in microvessel density. In conclusion, Adcav-1tk demonstrated efficacy in vitro and in vivo in preclinical models of prostate cancer. Our results suggest that the cav-1 promoter may have unique benefits in targeting gene therapy to prostate cancer and its associated vasculature.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research