In situ ion-microprobe determination of trace element partition coefficients for hornblende, plagioclase, orthopyroxene, and apatite in equilibrium with natural rhyolitic glass, Little Glass Mountain Rhyolite, California

James G. Brophy, Tsutomu Ota, Tak Kunihro, Tatsuki Tsujimori, Eizou Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Partially crystalline hornblende gabbro inclusions from the Little Glass Mountain Rhyolite contain euhedral plagioclase, orthopyroxene, hornblende, and apatite crystals in contact with interstitial rhyolitic (71-76% SiO2) glass. Textural and mineral compositional data indicate that the gabbros crystallized sufficiently slowly that surface equilibrium was closely approached at the interface between crystals and the liquid. This rare occurrence represents a natural dynamic crystallization experiment with a "run time" that is not realistically achievable in the laboratory. SIMS analysis of mineral rim-glass pairs have permitted the determination of high-quality, equilibrium trace-element partition coefficients for all four minerals. These data augment the limited partition coefficient database for minerals in high-SiO2 rhyolitic systems. For all minerals, the D values are consistent with those anticipated from crystal-chemical considerations. These data further support a liquid SiO2 control on the REEs (and presumably other elements) partitioning wherein D values systematically increase with increasing liquid SiO2 content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1838-1850
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume96
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

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Apatites
rhyolite
ion microprobe
Trace Elements
apatites
plagioclase
orthopyroxene
partition coefficient
trace elements
mountains
hornblende
apatite
Minerals
partitions
glass
minerals
trace element
Ions
Glass
mountain

Keywords

  • Ion microprobe
  • Partition coefficient
  • Rhyolite glass
  • Trace element

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

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abstract = "Partially crystalline hornblende gabbro inclusions from the Little Glass Mountain Rhyolite contain euhedral plagioclase, orthopyroxene, hornblende, and apatite crystals in contact with interstitial rhyolitic (71-76{\%} SiO2) glass. Textural and mineral compositional data indicate that the gabbros crystallized sufficiently slowly that surface equilibrium was closely approached at the interface between crystals and the liquid. This rare occurrence represents a natural dynamic crystallization experiment with a {"}run time{"} that is not realistically achievable in the laboratory. SIMS analysis of mineral rim-glass pairs have permitted the determination of high-quality, equilibrium trace-element partition coefficients for all four minerals. These data augment the limited partition coefficient database for minerals in high-SiO2 rhyolitic systems. For all minerals, the D values are consistent with those anticipated from crystal-chemical considerations. These data further support a liquid SiO2 control on the REEs (and presumably other elements) partitioning wherein D values systematically increase with increasing liquid SiO2 content.",
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AU - Brophy, James G.

AU - Ota, Tsutomu

AU - Kunihro, Tak

AU - Tsujimori, Tatsuki

AU - Nakamura, Eizou

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N2 - Partially crystalline hornblende gabbro inclusions from the Little Glass Mountain Rhyolite contain euhedral plagioclase, orthopyroxene, hornblende, and apatite crystals in contact with interstitial rhyolitic (71-76% SiO2) glass. Textural and mineral compositional data indicate that the gabbros crystallized sufficiently slowly that surface equilibrium was closely approached at the interface between crystals and the liquid. This rare occurrence represents a natural dynamic crystallization experiment with a "run time" that is not realistically achievable in the laboratory. SIMS analysis of mineral rim-glass pairs have permitted the determination of high-quality, equilibrium trace-element partition coefficients for all four minerals. These data augment the limited partition coefficient database for minerals in high-SiO2 rhyolitic systems. For all minerals, the D values are consistent with those anticipated from crystal-chemical considerations. These data further support a liquid SiO2 control on the REEs (and presumably other elements) partitioning wherein D values systematically increase with increasing liquid SiO2 content.

AB - Partially crystalline hornblende gabbro inclusions from the Little Glass Mountain Rhyolite contain euhedral plagioclase, orthopyroxene, hornblende, and apatite crystals in contact with interstitial rhyolitic (71-76% SiO2) glass. Textural and mineral compositional data indicate that the gabbros crystallized sufficiently slowly that surface equilibrium was closely approached at the interface between crystals and the liquid. This rare occurrence represents a natural dynamic crystallization experiment with a "run time" that is not realistically achievable in the laboratory. SIMS analysis of mineral rim-glass pairs have permitted the determination of high-quality, equilibrium trace-element partition coefficients for all four minerals. These data augment the limited partition coefficient database for minerals in high-SiO2 rhyolitic systems. For all minerals, the D values are consistent with those anticipated from crystal-chemical considerations. These data further support a liquid SiO2 control on the REEs (and presumably other elements) partitioning wherein D values systematically increase with increasing liquid SiO2 content.

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