Impurity-induced gap renormalization in anisotropic superconductors

mixed-state specific heat of La2-xSrx(Cu1-yZny)O4 and Y(Ni1-xPtx)2B2C

Minoru Nohara, H. Suzuki, N. Mangkorntong, H. Takagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of nonmagnetic impurity on the superconducting gap is examined on La2-xSrx(Cu1-yZny)O4 and Y(Ni1-xPtx)2B2C from the T and H dependence of the electronic specific heat Ce(T, H) at low temperatures. In La2-xSrxCuO4, impurity scattering leads to an appearance of a finite density of states (DOS) at the Fermi energy, consistent with d-wave pairing state with nonmagnetic impurity scattering in the unitarity limit. In contrast, nonmagnetic impurity scattering in YNi2B2C leads to a smearing of the gap anisotropy and the opening of a gap in the DOS over the whole Fermi surface, though Ce(T, H) for pure compound suggests the presence of anisotropic gap. This indicates YNi2B2C is a highly anisotropic s-wave superconductor.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Volume341-348
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Superconducting materials
Specific heat
specific heat
Impurities
impurities
Scattering
scattering
Fermi surface
Fermi level
Fermi surfaces
Anisotropy
anisotropy
electronics
Temperature
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Impurity-induced gap renormalization in anisotropic superconductors: mixed-state specific heat of La2-xSrx(Cu1-yZny)O4 and Y(Ni1-xPtx)2B2C",
abstract = "The effect of nonmagnetic impurity on the superconducting gap is examined on La2-xSrx(Cu1-yZny)O4 and Y(Ni1-xPtx)2B2C from the T and H dependence of the electronic specific heat Ce(T, H) at low temperatures. In La2-xSrxCuO4, impurity scattering leads to an appearance of a finite density of states (DOS) at the Fermi energy, consistent with d-wave pairing state with nonmagnetic impurity scattering in the unitarity limit. In contrast, nonmagnetic impurity scattering in YNi2B2C leads to a smearing of the gap anisotropy and the opening of a gap in the DOS over the whole Fermi surface, though Ce(T, H) for pure compound suggests the presence of anisotropic gap. This indicates YNi2B2C is a highly anisotropic s-wave superconductor.",
author = "Minoru Nohara and H. Suzuki and N. Mangkorntong and H. Takagi",
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issn = "0921-4534",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Impurity-induced gap renormalization in anisotropic superconductors

T2 - mixed-state specific heat of La2-xSrx(Cu1-yZny)O4 and Y(Ni1-xPtx)2B2C

AU - Nohara, Minoru

AU - Suzuki, H.

AU - Mangkorntong, N.

AU - Takagi, H.

PY - 2000/11

Y1 - 2000/11

N2 - The effect of nonmagnetic impurity on the superconducting gap is examined on La2-xSrx(Cu1-yZny)O4 and Y(Ni1-xPtx)2B2C from the T and H dependence of the electronic specific heat Ce(T, H) at low temperatures. In La2-xSrxCuO4, impurity scattering leads to an appearance of a finite density of states (DOS) at the Fermi energy, consistent with d-wave pairing state with nonmagnetic impurity scattering in the unitarity limit. In contrast, nonmagnetic impurity scattering in YNi2B2C leads to a smearing of the gap anisotropy and the opening of a gap in the DOS over the whole Fermi surface, though Ce(T, H) for pure compound suggests the presence of anisotropic gap. This indicates YNi2B2C is a highly anisotropic s-wave superconductor.

AB - The effect of nonmagnetic impurity on the superconducting gap is examined on La2-xSrx(Cu1-yZny)O4 and Y(Ni1-xPtx)2B2C from the T and H dependence of the electronic specific heat Ce(T, H) at low temperatures. In La2-xSrxCuO4, impurity scattering leads to an appearance of a finite density of states (DOS) at the Fermi energy, consistent with d-wave pairing state with nonmagnetic impurity scattering in the unitarity limit. In contrast, nonmagnetic impurity scattering in YNi2B2C leads to a smearing of the gap anisotropy and the opening of a gap in the DOS over the whole Fermi surface, though Ce(T, H) for pure compound suggests the presence of anisotropic gap. This indicates YNi2B2C is a highly anisotropic s-wave superconductor.

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