We previously developed a conjugate consisting of10B cluster BSH and tri-arginine peptide (BSH-3R). This could potentially be used as a boron agent for boron neutron capture therapy; however, it possesses poor water solubility and thus needs to be improved for use as medicine. In this study, we devised several means of improving the water solubility of BSH-3R. As one of them, we used cyclodextrin (CD), which was expected to improve the water solubility resulting from interaction of the BSH-3R with CD. We evaluated the solubility of BSH-3R in aqueous CD solution by using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. As we expected, the solubility of BSH-3R was increased in a manner dependent on the addition of β-CD and γ-CD in aqueous solution. Furthermore, we synthesized BSH conjugated to oligoarginine having various chain lengths (BSH-nR) and BSH-3R with ethylene glycol linkers introduced between BSH and 3R (BSH-nEg-3R). The water solubility of these BSH peptides was also evaluated and the results showed that the introduction of nEg to BSH-3R markedly improved the water solubility. Furthermore, we found that the water solubility of these peptides can be further improved by also applying CD.
- Cell-penetrating peptide
- Ethylene glycol
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Process Chemistry and Technology