We designed a bioartificial liver support system in which encapsulated multicellular spheroids of rat hepatocytes were utilized as a bioreactor in a hollow fiber cartridge. The spheroids, formed in a positively charged polystyrene dish that contained hormonally defined medium, were encapsulated into microdroplets of agarose that contained about 9 x 107 rat hepatocytes. The medium, including 150 mL reservoir volume, was circulated in a closed circuit in which the cartridge was inserted. The pH and levels of dissolved oxygen were monitored and automatically regulated so that they were maintained within a constant range for 72 h. Albumin accumulated in the circuit at the rate of 2.0 mg/L/h in this system. When the bioreactor cells in the system were replaced with Hep G2 cells, a human hepatoblastoma cell line, albumin accumulated at the rate of 0.15 mg/L/h. The spheroids of primary culture hepatocytes had 13 times higher albumin-producing capacity than the aggregates of Hep G2. The serum of a patient with fulminant hepatic failure was circulated in this system with the spheroids of primary culture hepatocytes. The concentration of branched amino acid (BCAA) in the circuit significantly increased during the 48 h circulation, while the concentration of aromatic amino acid (AAA) and methionine decreased. The ratio of BCAA/AAA increased from 0.640 to 0.772, indicating that the hepatocyte spheroids had improved the imbalance of the amine acid profile in the serum. These findings indicate that this system may be a useful model for an artificial liver support.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biotechnology and Bioengineering|
|Publication status||Published - May 20 1996|
- artificial liver
- hollow fiber
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology