Improvement of plasma biomarkers after switching stroke patients from other angiotensin II type i receptor blockers to olmesartan

Yoshiteru Tada, Kenji Yagi, Masaaki Uno, Nobuhisa Matsushita, Yasuhisa Kanematsu, Kazuyuki Kuwayama, Kenji Shimada, Kyoko Nishi, Motohiro Hirasawa, Junichiro Satomi, Keiko T. Kitazato, Teruyoshi Kageji, Eiji Matsuura, Shinji Nagahiro

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Managing hypertension is crucial for preventing stroke recurrence. Some stroke patients experience resistant hypertension. In our experimental stroke model, olmesartan increased the expression of angiotensin (Ang) II converting enzyme-2. We hypothesized that switching to olmesartan affects biomarkers and the blood pressure (BP) in stroke patients whose BP is insufficiently controlled by standard doses of Ang II type I receptor blockers (ARBs) other than olmesartan. Methods We recruited 25 patients to study our hypothesis. All had a history of stroke or silent cerebral infarction. We switched them to olmesartan (10-40 mg per day) for 12 weeks and determined their plasma level of Ang-(1-7), peroxiredoxin, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)/β-2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) complex, adiponectin, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and recorded their BP before and after olmesartan treatment. Results After switching the patients to olmesartan, their plasma level of Ang-(1-7) as a vasoprotective indicator and adiponectin regulating metabolic syndrome was increased, and peroxiredoxin and the oxLDL/β2GPI complex indicating its antioxidative stress and its proatherogenicity were lower than their baseline. This suggests that olmesartan may be more effective than other ARBs to improve these conditions. Neither HMGB1 nor TNFα reflecting an inflammatory response was affected, suggesting that the anti-inflammatory effects of olmesartan are similar to those of other ARBs. The recommended BP (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1487-1492
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Adiponectin
  • angiotensin-(1-7)
  • hypertension
  • LDL/β-2-glycoprotein I complex
  • olmesartan
  • peroxiredoxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Tada, Y., Yagi, K., Uno, M., Matsushita, N., Kanematsu, Y., Kuwayama, K., Shimada, K., Nishi, K., Hirasawa, M., Satomi, J., Kitazato, K. T., Kageji, T., Matsuura, E., & Nagahiro, S. (2015). Improvement of plasma biomarkers after switching stroke patients from other angiotensin II type i receptor blockers to olmesartan. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 24(7), 1487-1492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2015.03.015