Improvement of lithium ionic conductivity of Li3PS4 through suppression of crystallization using low-boiling-point solvent in liquid-phase synthesis

Masakuni Takahashi, Seunghoon Yang, Kentaro Yamamoto, Koji Ohara, Nguyen Huu Huy Phuc, Toshiki Watanabe, Tomoki Uchiyama, Atsushi Sakuda, Akitoshi Hayashi, Masahiro Tatsumisago, Hiroyuki Muto, Atsunori Matsuda, Yoshiharu Uchimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Liquid-phase synthesis for solid electrolytes has received considerable attention owing to its shape control, with the potential to produce particles easily on a large scale, and its low cost and energy consumption. However, solid electrolytes prepared through liquid-phase synthesis have been shown to have lower ionic conductivity than solid electrolytes prepared through the mechanical milling method. Recently, following various efforts, our group found that the crystallinity and remaining intermediate are the reasons for the low ionic conductivity of these materials. By using tetrahydrofuran (THF), we successfully improved the ionic conductivity of Li3PS4 to 1.85 × 10−4 S cm−1 at 25 °C, higher than that afforded by ethyl propionate, which was reported to produce the highest ionic conductivity among the solvents used for liquid-phase synthesis. High-energy X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements coupled with pair distribution function (PDF) analysis were employed to analyze the synthesized materials in order to determine why the ionic conductivity was higher than that of a sample prepared using ethyl propionate. The PDF analysis revealed that the crystallization of Li3PS4 can be suppressed using THF, which has a lower boiling point than ethyl propionate. Moreover, it was revealed that the solvent could not be removed completely when the material has an amorphous structure, and thus, the ionic conductivity was lower than that of a material prepared using the solid-phase synthesis method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115568
JournalSolid State Ionics
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • All-solid-state battery
  • Liquid phase synthesis
  • Pair distribution function analysis
  • Solid electrolyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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