Improvement in sulfur desorption of NOX storage and reduction catalysts using a Ba-Ti composite oxide

Toshiyuki Tanaka, Ichirou Tajima, Yuichi Kato, Yasushi Nishihara, Hirofumi Shinjoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A Ba-Ti composite oxide was formed on a NOx storage and reduction catalyst via impregnation of a Ba-Ti precursor solution composed of H2O2 added to a complex prepared using the citric acid method. The structure of the Ba-Ti composite in solution was analyzed by chemical composition analysis and FT-Raman and UV-vis spectroscopy. MM2 calculations were performed to propose its chemical structure. Both Ba and Ti together were found to form a composite molecule in the solution. Furthermore, TEM-EDX and XRD analyses of the Ba-Ti composite oxide on the catalyst prepared by impregnation with the Ba-Ti composite aqueous solution revealed that Ba and Ti in the catalyst were highly dispersed at the nm scale. The formation of the Ba-Ti composite oxide on the NSR catalyst enhanced sulfur desorption efficiency and led to high-performance NOX conversion as a NOX storage and reduction activity catalyst after desulfation treatment. It was assumed that the existence of nano-scaled Ba compounds combined with Ti was efficient for the inhibition of the sintering of barium sulfate and its facile decomposition. It was found that dispersion of Ba compounds for NOX storage materials using a Ba-Ti complex solution is an efficient way to improve the durability of NSR catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-626
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume102
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 22 2011

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Keywords

  • Barium sulfate
  • Citric acid
  • Desulfation
  • NSR catalyst
  • Titanium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)

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