Improved transient and steady-state performance of series resonant ZCS high-frequency inverter-coupled voltage multiplier converter with dual mode PFM control scheme

Enhui Chu, Laknath Gamage, Manabu Ishitobi, Eiji Hiraki, Mutsuo Nakaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A variety of switched-mode high-voltage DC power supplies using voltage-fed-type or current-fed-type high-frequency transformer resonant inverters with MOS gate bipolar power transistors (IGBTs) have been recently developed for medical-use X-ray high power generators. In general, the high-voltage high-power X-ray generator using voltage-fed high-frequency inverter with a high-voltage transformer link has to meet some performances such as (i) short rising period in start transient of X-ray tube voltage, (ii) no overshoot transient response in tube voltage, (iii) minimized voltage ripple in periodic steady-state under extremely wide load variations and filament heater current fluctuation conditions of the X-ray tube. This paper presents two lossless inductor snubber-assisted series resonant zero current soft switching high-frequency inverters using a diode-capacitor ladder-type voltage multiplier called Cockcroft-Walton circuit, which is effectively implemented for a high DC voltage X-ray power generator. This DC high-voltage generator which incorporates a pulse frequency modulated series resonant inverter using IGBT power module packages is based on the operation principle of zero current soft switching commutation scheme under discontinuous resonant current and continuous resonant current transition modes. This series capacitor compensated for transformer resonant power converter with a high-frequency transformer-linked voltage boost multiplier can efficiently work a novel selectively changed dual mode PFM control scheme in order to improve the start transient and steady-state response characteristics and can completely achieve stable zero current soft switching commutation tube filament current dependent on wide load parameter setting values with the aid of two lossless inductor snubbers. It is proved on the basis of simulation and experimental results in which a simple and low cost control implementation based on selectively changed dual-mode PFM for high-voltage X-ray DC-DC power converter with a voltage multiplier strategy has some specified voltage pattern tracking voltage response performances under rapid rising time and no overshoot in start transient tube voltage as well as the minimized steady-state voltage ripple in tube voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-72
Number of pages13
JournalElectrical Engineering in Japan (English translation of Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi)
Volume149
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Electric potential
High frequency transformers
Zero current switching
X ray tubes
X rays
Electric commutation
Capacitors
Ladders
Power converters
DC-DC converters
Transient analysis
Diodes
Networks (circuits)

Keywords

  • Dual-mode PFM control
  • High-frequency transformer link
  • Lossless inductive snubbers
  • Medical-use X-ray tube
  • Series transformer resonance
  • Voltage multiplier type rectifier
  • Voltage source high-frequency inverter
  • Zero current soft switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

@article{2443e3d827c04edb805332bf89954ada,
title = "Improved transient and steady-state performance of series resonant ZCS high-frequency inverter-coupled voltage multiplier converter with dual mode PFM control scheme",
abstract = "A variety of switched-mode high-voltage DC power supplies using voltage-fed-type or current-fed-type high-frequency transformer resonant inverters with MOS gate bipolar power transistors (IGBTs) have been recently developed for medical-use X-ray high power generators. In general, the high-voltage high-power X-ray generator using voltage-fed high-frequency inverter with a high-voltage transformer link has to meet some performances such as (i) short rising period in start transient of X-ray tube voltage, (ii) no overshoot transient response in tube voltage, (iii) minimized voltage ripple in periodic steady-state under extremely wide load variations and filament heater current fluctuation conditions of the X-ray tube. This paper presents two lossless inductor snubber-assisted series resonant zero current soft switching high-frequency inverters using a diode-capacitor ladder-type voltage multiplier called Cockcroft-Walton circuit, which is effectively implemented for a high DC voltage X-ray power generator. This DC high-voltage generator which incorporates a pulse frequency modulated series resonant inverter using IGBT power module packages is based on the operation principle of zero current soft switching commutation scheme under discontinuous resonant current and continuous resonant current transition modes. This series capacitor compensated for transformer resonant power converter with a high-frequency transformer-linked voltage boost multiplier can efficiently work a novel selectively changed dual mode PFM control scheme in order to improve the start transient and steady-state response characteristics and can completely achieve stable zero current soft switching commutation tube filament current dependent on wide load parameter setting values with the aid of two lossless inductor snubbers. It is proved on the basis of simulation and experimental results in which a simple and low cost control implementation based on selectively changed dual-mode PFM for high-voltage X-ray DC-DC power converter with a voltage multiplier strategy has some specified voltage pattern tracking voltage response performances under rapid rising time and no overshoot in start transient tube voltage as well as the minimized steady-state voltage ripple in tube voltage.",
keywords = "Dual-mode PFM control, High-frequency transformer link, Lossless inductive snubbers, Medical-use X-ray tube, Series transformer resonance, Voltage multiplier type rectifier, Voltage source high-frequency inverter, Zero current soft switching",
author = "Enhui Chu and Laknath Gamage and Manabu Ishitobi and Eiji Hiraki and Mutsuo Nakaoka",
year = "2004",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1002/eej.10345",
language = "English",
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pages = "60--72",
journal = "Electrical Engineering in Japan (English translation of Denki Gakkai Ronbunshi)",
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T1 - Improved transient and steady-state performance of series resonant ZCS high-frequency inverter-coupled voltage multiplier converter with dual mode PFM control scheme

AU - Chu, Enhui

AU - Gamage, Laknath

AU - Ishitobi, Manabu

AU - Hiraki, Eiji

AU - Nakaoka, Mutsuo

PY - 2004/12

Y1 - 2004/12

N2 - A variety of switched-mode high-voltage DC power supplies using voltage-fed-type or current-fed-type high-frequency transformer resonant inverters with MOS gate bipolar power transistors (IGBTs) have been recently developed for medical-use X-ray high power generators. In general, the high-voltage high-power X-ray generator using voltage-fed high-frequency inverter with a high-voltage transformer link has to meet some performances such as (i) short rising period in start transient of X-ray tube voltage, (ii) no overshoot transient response in tube voltage, (iii) minimized voltage ripple in periodic steady-state under extremely wide load variations and filament heater current fluctuation conditions of the X-ray tube. This paper presents two lossless inductor snubber-assisted series resonant zero current soft switching high-frequency inverters using a diode-capacitor ladder-type voltage multiplier called Cockcroft-Walton circuit, which is effectively implemented for a high DC voltage X-ray power generator. This DC high-voltage generator which incorporates a pulse frequency modulated series resonant inverter using IGBT power module packages is based on the operation principle of zero current soft switching commutation scheme under discontinuous resonant current and continuous resonant current transition modes. This series capacitor compensated for transformer resonant power converter with a high-frequency transformer-linked voltage boost multiplier can efficiently work a novel selectively changed dual mode PFM control scheme in order to improve the start transient and steady-state response characteristics and can completely achieve stable zero current soft switching commutation tube filament current dependent on wide load parameter setting values with the aid of two lossless inductor snubbers. It is proved on the basis of simulation and experimental results in which a simple and low cost control implementation based on selectively changed dual-mode PFM for high-voltage X-ray DC-DC power converter with a voltage multiplier strategy has some specified voltage pattern tracking voltage response performances under rapid rising time and no overshoot in start transient tube voltage as well as the minimized steady-state voltage ripple in tube voltage.

AB - A variety of switched-mode high-voltage DC power supplies using voltage-fed-type or current-fed-type high-frequency transformer resonant inverters with MOS gate bipolar power transistors (IGBTs) have been recently developed for medical-use X-ray high power generators. In general, the high-voltage high-power X-ray generator using voltage-fed high-frequency inverter with a high-voltage transformer link has to meet some performances such as (i) short rising period in start transient of X-ray tube voltage, (ii) no overshoot transient response in tube voltage, (iii) minimized voltage ripple in periodic steady-state under extremely wide load variations and filament heater current fluctuation conditions of the X-ray tube. This paper presents two lossless inductor snubber-assisted series resonant zero current soft switching high-frequency inverters using a diode-capacitor ladder-type voltage multiplier called Cockcroft-Walton circuit, which is effectively implemented for a high DC voltage X-ray power generator. This DC high-voltage generator which incorporates a pulse frequency modulated series resonant inverter using IGBT power module packages is based on the operation principle of zero current soft switching commutation scheme under discontinuous resonant current and continuous resonant current transition modes. This series capacitor compensated for transformer resonant power converter with a high-frequency transformer-linked voltage boost multiplier can efficiently work a novel selectively changed dual mode PFM control scheme in order to improve the start transient and steady-state response characteristics and can completely achieve stable zero current soft switching commutation tube filament current dependent on wide load parameter setting values with the aid of two lossless inductor snubbers. It is proved on the basis of simulation and experimental results in which a simple and low cost control implementation based on selectively changed dual-mode PFM for high-voltage X-ray DC-DC power converter with a voltage multiplier strategy has some specified voltage pattern tracking voltage response performances under rapid rising time and no overshoot in start transient tube voltage as well as the minimized steady-state voltage ripple in tube voltage.

KW - Dual-mode PFM control

KW - High-frequency transformer link

KW - Lossless inductive snubbers

KW - Medical-use X-ray tube

KW - Series transformer resonance

KW - Voltage multiplier type rectifier

KW - Voltage source high-frequency inverter

KW - Zero current soft switching

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