Importance of the broad regional interaction for spectral Tuning in natronobacterium pharaonis phoborhodopsin (sensory rhodopsin II)

Kazumi Shimono, Takanori Hayashi, Yukako Ikeura, Yuki Sudo, Masayuki Iwamoto, Naoki Kamo

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Natronobacterium pharaonis phoborhodopsin (ppR; also called N. pharaonis sensory rhodopsin II, NpsRII) is a photophobic sensor in N. pharaonis, and has a shorter absorption maximum (λmax 500 nm) than those of other archaeal retinal proteins (λmax, 560-590 nm) such as bacteriorhodopsin (bR). We constructed chimeric proteins between bR and ppR to investigate the long range interactions effecting the color regulation among archaeal retinal proteins. The λmax of B-DEFG/P-ABC was 545 nm, similar to that of bR expressed in Escherichia coli (λmax, 550 nm). B-DEFG/P-ABC means a chimera composed of helices D, E, F, and G of bR and helices A, B, and C of ppR. This indicates that the major factor(s) determining the difference in λmax between bR and ppR exist in helices DEFG. To specify the more minute regions for the color determination between bR and ppR, we constructed 15 chimeric proteins containing helices D, E, F, and G of bR. According to the absorption spectra of the various chimeric proteins, the interaction between helices D and E as well as the effect of the hydroxyl group around protonated Schiff base on helix G (Thr-204 for ppR and Ala-215 for bR) are the main factors for spectral tuning between bR and ppR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23882-23889
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - Jul 27 2003
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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