The incidence of DM is rapidly growing among Americans. DM will rival cancer and heart disease in terms of cost and suffering. The National Institute of Health is tripling the research dollars that are spent on diabetic-related research in an attempt to combat this disease. Urologists are on the front line in the diagnosis and treatment of the complications of DM. The complications of DM that we reviewed in this article, diabetic cystopathy and diabetic ED, can occur in the early stage of DM and often progress in a silent fashion. More awareness and interest are needed to improve our understanding of diabetic complications in urology. Exciting new approaches in the treatment of diabetic cystopathy and ED are being investigated.
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