Osteocalcin production of senescent periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF) with the expression of senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) was investigated on clones from 50-80 years old donors (n=20) with teeth extracted due to periodontitis and dental caries, and from 15-19 year old donors (n=20) with normal teeth extracted for orthodontic reasons. Immunohistochemically, the nonsenescent PDLF in all cultures in passage 2 showed strong reactivity with anti-osteocalcin. The reactive intensity of PDLF (passage 2, PD 3.0) was significantly stronger in 50-80 year old donor group than in 15-19 year old donor group, suggesting that osteocalcin production of PDLF cultured in early passage is larger in cells from adult population than in cells from adolescent population. In PDLF cultures in passage 2 from 50-80 year old donor, two types of senescent cells were found: one with strong reactivity to anti-osteocalcin and the other with little detectable reactivity. The culture consisted of senescent PDLF (passage 8, PD 14.8) did not include cells which have a detectable reactivity with anti-osteocalcin immunohistochemically and the reactive intensity was significantly weaker in the senescent culture than in the culture in passage 2 by ELISA. This suggests that the production potential of osteocalcin is impaired in PDLF with aging in culture. Further, the reactive intensity with anti-osteocalcin of PDLF in passage 2 deprived of serum for 48 h was 6% of that of cells cultured with serum and the reaction increased after serum stimulation, suggesting that the osteocalcin production in PDLF in early passage is implicated in mitogenic stimulation. (C) 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.
- Periodontal ligament fibroblasts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology