Impaired deformability might contribute to the accumulation of activated leukocytes within pulmonary microcapillaries, leading to acute lung injury. The purpose of our study was to investigate changes in leukocyte deformability during periods of inflammation after esophagectomy. The study group comprised 20 patients who underwent esophagectomy. Changes in leukocyte deformability were investigated by examining filtration through a silicon microchannel, which simulated human pulmonary microcapillaries. Changes in the neutrophil cytoskeleton were investigated by measuring neutrophil F-actin assembly. The severity of patient clinical outcome was evaluated by the lung injury score. Leukocyte filtration through the microchannel was significantly weaker in esophagectomy patients than in healthy subjects (p<0.01). After esophagectomy, filtration was further impaired compared with preoperative values (p<0.05). The neutrophil F-actin content was higher in patients than in controls (p<0.01), and increased after esophagectomy compared with preoperative values (p<0.01). We concluded that circulating leukocytes showed reduced deformability and appeared to be sequestered within microcapillaries after esophagectomy. Changes in neutrophil cytoskeleton were considered to be responsible for the reduced deformability. Leukocyte accumulation within pulmonary microcapillaries might be related to the pathogenesis of lung injury after esophagectomy.
- Lung injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)