Impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami on the Incidence of Takotsubo Syndrome Using a Multicenter, Long-Term Regional Registry

Tomonori Itoh, Motoyuki Nakamura, Yoshihiro Morino, Nozomu Toda, Michiko Yoshizawa, Takuya Osaki, Yuko Maegawa, Reisuke Yoshizawa, Yu Ishikawa, Osamu Nishiyama, Satoshi Nakajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

<p><b><i>Background:</i></b>This study aimed to clarify the incidence of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) after the Great East Japan earthquake (GEJ-E) between inland and coastal areas.</p><p><b><i>Methods and Results:</i></b>Consecutive hospitalized patients with TTS were registered between 2009 and 2016 in Iwate Prefecture. Patients were divided into 2 groups, by whether they lived inland or in the coastal area (both max. seismic intensity, 6<sup>−</sup>). The incidence of TTS was calculated using the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) before and after the earthquake. The long-term prognosis of the 2 groups was compared by Kaplan-Meier analysis. A total of 112 patients with TTS were registered from the acute coronary syndrome records of each hospital (n=4,163); 9 patients with TTS were registered within 2 months of the earthquake. A significant monthly variation was observed in March and April 2011 compared with the other months (P=0.029). At 2 years after the earthquake, the SIR was significantly increased in the coastal area (P<0.01), but decreased after ≥3 years. There were no significant differences in the long-term prognosis between the 2 groups (P=0.20).</p><p><b><i>Conclusions:</i></b>The incidence of TTS was increased in the acute phase after the GEJ-E, particularly in the coastal area. The magnitude of the tsunami damage is presumed to be a factor in the increased incidence of TTS, even though the seismic intensity in both areas was comparable.</p>
Original languageEnglish
JournalCirculation Journal
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Great East Japan earthquake
  • Takotsubo syndrome
  • Tsunami

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami on the Incidence of Takotsubo Syndrome Using a Multicenter, Long-Term Regional Registry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this