Impact of paclitaxel, cisplatin, and gemcitabine as first-line chemotherapy in cisplatin-fit and -unfit patients with advanced/metastatic urothelial carcinoma

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to clarify the efficacy and toxicity of first-line combination treatment with paclitaxel, cisplatin, and gemcitabine (PCG) for advanced/metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) in cisplatin-unfit patients compared with cisplatin-fit patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who received first-line PCG. Using international consensus criteria, patients were classified into cisplatin-fit and -unfit groups. Cisplatin-unfit patients received PCG with adjustment of the cisplatin dose after assessing 24-hour urinary creatinine clearance, without modifying the administration interval. Results: From 2008 to 2017, 50 patients received first-line PCG, of whom 30 and 20 were classified into the cisplatin-fit and -unfit groups. After a median follow-up of 15.0 months, the median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 15.0 and 9.8 months in all patients, 15.0 and 10.0 months in the cisplatin-fit group, and 13.2 and 9.3 months in the cisplatin-unfit group, respectively. There was no significant difference in OS (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.33, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.69–2.54) or PFS (HR: 1.38, 95% CI: 0.74–2.55) between the groups. The overall response rate and complete response rate were 58% (95% CI: 43.2–71.8) and 32% (95% CI: 19.5–46.7) in all patients, and 55% (95% CI: 31.5–76.9) and 35% (95% CI: 15.4-59.2) in the cisplatin-unfit group, respectively. The common grade 3 of 4 adverse events experienced were neutropenia (78%), followed by thrombocytopenia (56%), anemia (46%), and febrile neutropenia (16%). The 24-hour urinary creatinine clearance did not differ significantly between the groups after one, two, or three courses of PCG. Conclusions: We found no significant difference regarding OS and PFS between the cisplatin-fit patients with a full dose of cisplatin and -unfit patients with cisplatin-dose-adjusted chemotherapy. In select cisplatin-unfit patients, PCG with dose adjustment of cisplatin may be useful for treating advanced/metastatic UC without any significant adverse events or impaired renal function compared with cisplatin-fit patients with a full dose of cisplatin.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • First-line
  • Gemcitabine
  • Paclitaxel
  • Unfit
  • Urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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