Objective: This study was undertaken to assess the relationship between acute hyperglycemia and left ventricular function after reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: This study consisted of 529 patients with a first anterior wall AMI who underwent coronary angiography followed by coronary angioplasty or thrombolysis within 12 hours after the onset of chest pain. Plasma glucose was measured at the time of hospital admission. Acute hyperglycemia was defined as plasma glucose >10 mmol/L. Results: Although acute hyperglycemia was associated with both lower acute left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (46% ± 12% vs 48% ± 10%, P = .026) and ower predischarge LVEF (51% ± 15% vs 56% ± 15%, P = .001), the difference was more pronounced in the latter and the change in LVEF was significantly smaller in patients with acute hyperglycemia (4.8% ± 11.2% vs 8.0% ± 13.8%, P = .022). Multivariable analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between plasma glucose and impaired predischarge LVEF, even after adjustment of acute LVEF (r = -0.13, P = .005). Thirty-day mortality tended to be higher in patients with acute hyperglycemia than in patients without (7.1% vs 3.5%, P = .06). Multivariable analysis showed that plasma g ucose (per 1 mmol/L increase) was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality after AMI (odds ratio 1.12, 95% CI 1.03-1.22, P = .009). Conclusion: Acute hyperglycemia was independently associated with impaired left ventricular function and higher 30-day mortality after AMI. These results may provide a potential explanation for poor outcomes of patients with AMI and acute hyperglycemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine