Nitric oxide (NO) is a multifunctional molecule in a variety of physiologic and pathologic processes. Its precise effect on human T lymphocyte responses against alloantigens are not yet fully known, although it has been reported that NO is antiproliferative and can cause apoptosis in several cell types. To address these issues, we analyzed the effects of an NO donor on mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC) and on apoptosis induction in T lymphocytes activated with alloantigens. NOC 18 was used as an NO donor. The MLC was performed with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from healthy volunteers. Cell division and interleukin (IL)-2 production were measured with CFSE labeling and an EIA kit, respectively. After cells were incubated with NOC 18 for 24 hours, DNA fragmentation was assessed using the diphenylamine assay. Pre-culture of cells with NOC 18 for 24 hours resulted in significant inhibition of cell proliferation and IL-2 production in MLC. NOC 18 induced DNA fragmentation of cells harvested from an MLC following 7 days of the culture, in a dose-dependent manner, whereas it never exerted any influence on DNA fragmentation of freshly isolated cells. A chemical NO donor, NOC-18, may have immunosuppressive ability when treatment of responder cells occurs before the beginning of the MLC and may induce apoptosis of alloantigen-activated T lymphocytes.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2006|
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