Immunomodulatory Effects of Radon Inhalation on Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammation in Mice

Takahiro Kataoka, Shota Naoe, Kaito Murakami, Yuki Fujimoto, Ryohei Yukimine, Ayumi Tanaka, Kiyonori Yamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Typical indications for radon therapy include autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We had previously reported that radon inhalation inhibits Th17 immune responses in RA mice by activating Th1 and Th2 immune responses. However, there are no reports on how radon inhalation affects the activated Th1 and Th17 immune responses, and these findings may be useful for identifying new indications for radon therapy. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effect of radon inhalation on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response, focusing on the expression of related cytokines and antioxidant function. Male BALB/c mice were exposed to 2000 Bq/m3 radon for one day. Immediately after radon inhalation, LPS was administered intraperitoneally at 1.0 mg/kg body weight for 4 h. LPS administration increased the levels of Th1- and Th17-prone cytokines, such as interleukin-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, compared to no treatment control (sham). However, these effects were suppressed by radon inhalation. IL-10 levels were significantly increased by LPS administration, with or without radon inhalation, compared to sham. However, radon inhalation did not inhibit oxidative stress induced by LPS administration. These findings suggest that radon inhalation has immunomodulatory but not antioxidative functions in LPS-induced injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10632
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume19
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • antioxidant function
  • autoimmune diseases
  • cytokine
  • lipopolysaccharide
  • radon inhalation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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