Botulinum C1 neurotoxin and C3 exoenzyme were purified to apparent homogeneity from the culture filtrate of Clostridium botulinum type C strain 003-9. Both preparations catalyzed ADP-ribosylation of the same substrate, the Mr 22, 000 rho gene product (Gb). When the light and heavy chains of C1 toxin were separated, ADP-ribosyltransferase activity in the toxin was quantitatively recovered in the light chain fraction. Anti-C1 toxin antiserum precipitated the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity and the neurotoxicity of C1 toxin in parallel, whereas it had no effect on C3 exoenzyme. On the other hand, anti-C3 exoenzyme anti serum precipitated the ADP-ribosyltransferase activities of both C3 exoenzyme and C1 toxin. This antibody, however, did not precipitate the neurotoxicity of C1 toxin. The ADP-ribosyltransferase in C1 toxin was quantitatively adsorbed onto the anti-C3 antibody column and separated from the majority of C1 toxin protein. The enzyme was then eluted with acidic urea and Western blotting analysis of this eluate revealed the appearance of a protein band positively stained with anti-C3 antibody at a position similar to that of C3 exoenzyme. Quantitative determination by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that the C3-like immunoreactivity is present in the C1 toxin molecules at the molecular ratio of 1 to 1, 000. These results suggest that the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity in Cl toxin is expressed by a C3-like molecule which is present in a small amount in the toxin preparation and appears to bind to the toxin components). The above results also indicate that the ADP-ribosyltransferase in C1 toxin is not related to its neurotoxin action.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - May 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology