Immuno-hyperthermia effected by antibody-conjugated nanoparticles selectively targets and eradicates individual cancer cells

Tetsuya Kagawa, Yuki Matsumi, Hiromichi Aono, Toshiaki Ohara, Hiroshi Tazawa, Kunitoshi Shigeyasu, Shuya Yano, Sho Takeda, Yasuhiro Komatsu, Robert M. Hoffman, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Hiroyuki Kishimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hyperthermia has been used for cancer therapy for a long period of time, but has shown limited clinical efficacy. Induction-heating hyperthermia using the combination of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and an alternating magnetic field (AMF), termed magnetic hyperthermia (MHT), has previously shown efficacy in an orthotopic mouse model of disseminated gastric cancer. In the present study, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), a type of MNP, were conjugated with an anti-HER2 antibody, trastuzumab and termed anti-HER2-antibody-linked SPION nanoparticles (anti-HER2 SPIONs). Anti-HER2 SPIONs selectively targeted HER2-expressing cancer cells co-cultured along with normal fibroblasts and HER2-negative cancer cells and caused apoptosis only in the HER2-expressing individual cancer cells. The results of the present study show proof-of-concept of a novel hyperthermia technology, immuno-MHT for selective cancer therapy, that targets individual cancer cells. Abbreviations: AMF: alternating magnetic field; DDW: double distilled water; DMEM: Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s; Medium; f: frequency; FBS: fetal bovine serum; FITC: Fluorescein isothiocyanate; GFP: green fluorescent protein; H: amplitude; Hsp: heat shock protein; MHT: magnetic hyperthermia; MNPs: magnetic nanoparticles; PI: propidium iodide; RFP: red fluorescent protein; SPION: superparamagnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1230
Number of pages10
JournalCell Cycle
Volume20
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Hyperthermia
  • cancer cells
  • immuno targeting
  • magnetic nanoparticles
  • selective eradication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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