Immune responses to Porphyromonas gingivalis infection suppress systemic inflammatory response in experimental murine model

Koji Naruishi, Kazuhiro Omori, H. Maeda, N. Sonoi, K. Funakoshi, Kimito Hirai, M. Ishii, K. Kubo, Hiroya Kobayashi, T. Tomiyama, D. Yamamoto, I. Tanimoto, K. Kunimatsu, Shogo Takashiba

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontitis is localized infectious disease caused by periodontopathic bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), and the severity correlates to significance of immune responses. Recently, it has been reported that periodontitis is associated with the development of systemic disease such as diabetes and atherosclerosis because of increasing invasion of oral pathogens to the circulation. However, the association between local and systemic infectious responses is still unclear. In the present study, we examined the differences of biological responses in animals with or without bacterial infection. After Balb/c mice were infected subcutaneously with live P. gingivalis W83, serum, skin and liver were collected according to experimental protocol. The skin and liver tissues were observed pathologically by haematoxylin-eosin staining, and serum IL-6 levels were measured using ELISA method. Throughout the experimental period, conditions of the mice were observed continuously. As expected, severe infiltration of leukocytes were observed at inflamed skin corresponding to the number of bacterial challenges. Although no inflammatory appearance of skin was observed, serum IL-6 levels were increased dramatically (P <0.01, Student's t-test) and liver tissues were injured in the mice without bacterial challenge. Interestingly, although severe inflammatory appearance of the skin was observed, serum IL-6 levels were not increased and no inflammatory responses were observed in the liver of the 3-times bacterially challenged group. Importantly, immunoglobulin G against P. gingivalis W83 was detected in the blood of mice with 3-times bacterial challenge corresponding to improvement of weight loss and survival. In conclusion, although multiple infections develop severe localized inflammation, the immune system should be sufficient to protect the systemic inflammatory responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

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Keywords

  • Infection
  • Inflammatory
  • Interleukin 6
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis
  • Systemic responses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Naruishi, K., Omori, K., Maeda, H., Sonoi, N., Funakoshi, K., Hirai, K., Ishii, M., Kubo, K., Kobayashi, H., Tomiyama, T., Yamamoto, D., Tanimoto, I., Kunimatsu, K., & Takashiba, S. (2011). Immune responses to Porphyromonas gingivalis infection suppress systemic inflammatory response in experimental murine model. Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents, 25(2), 195-202.