Imaging of the temporal bone in children using low-dose 320-row area detector computed tomography

Akihiro Tada, Shuhei Sato, Yoshihisa Masaoka, Susumu Kanazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the image quality obtained using low-dose and standard-dose 320-row temporal bone computed tomography (CT) in paediatric patients. Methods: Thirteen low-dose CT (120 kV/50 mAs) and nine standard-dose CT (120 kV/100 mAs) images from children up to 5 years of age were compared for their image quality. The noise and signal-to-noise ratio for bone, fat and air were measured. Two observers assessed the overall image quality and ability to visualize 14 small anatomic structures using a 5-point scale, with a score of 3-5 indicating imaging of diagnostic quality. Results: Noise was significantly higher and the signal-to-noise ratio was significantly lower with low-dose CT. Although the overall image quality and visibility of several structures on low-dose CT were significantly reduced when compared with standard-dose CT, all the image quality scores were 3 or >3. The dose-length products for low-dose CT and standard-dose CT were 59.6 mGy·cm and 119.3 mGy·cm, respectively. Conclusion: Low-dose CT of the temporal bone using 320-row CT provides images of diagnostic quality for assessment of middle and inner ear anatomy, similar to that provided by the standard-dose protocol, in spite of increased image noise.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

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Temporal Bone
Tomography
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Noise
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
Diagnostic Imaging
Anatomy
Fats
Air
Pediatrics
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • 320-row detector
  • Computed tomography
  • Dose reduction
  • Temporal bone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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title = "Imaging of the temporal bone in children using low-dose 320-row area detector computed tomography",
abstract = "Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the image quality obtained using low-dose and standard-dose 320-row temporal bone computed tomography (CT) in paediatric patients. Methods: Thirteen low-dose CT (120 kV/50 mAs) and nine standard-dose CT (120 kV/100 mAs) images from children up to 5 years of age were compared for their image quality. The noise and signal-to-noise ratio for bone, fat and air were measured. Two observers assessed the overall image quality and ability to visualize 14 small anatomic structures using a 5-point scale, with a score of 3-5 indicating imaging of diagnostic quality. Results: Noise was significantly higher and the signal-to-noise ratio was significantly lower with low-dose CT. Although the overall image quality and visibility of several structures on low-dose CT were significantly reduced when compared with standard-dose CT, all the image quality scores were 3 or >3. The dose-length products for low-dose CT and standard-dose CT were 59.6 mGy·cm and 119.3 mGy·cm, respectively. Conclusion: Low-dose CT of the temporal bone using 320-row CT provides images of diagnostic quality for assessment of middle and inner ear anatomy, similar to that provided by the standard-dose protocol, in spite of increased image noise.",
keywords = "320-row detector, Computed tomography, Dose reduction, Temporal bone",
author = "Akihiro Tada and Shuhei Sato and Yoshihisa Masaoka and Susumu Kanazawa",
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AU - Tada, Akihiro

AU - Sato, Shuhei

AU - Masaoka, Yoshihisa

AU - Kanazawa, Susumu

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the image quality obtained using low-dose and standard-dose 320-row temporal bone computed tomography (CT) in paediatric patients. Methods: Thirteen low-dose CT (120 kV/50 mAs) and nine standard-dose CT (120 kV/100 mAs) images from children up to 5 years of age were compared for their image quality. The noise and signal-to-noise ratio for bone, fat and air were measured. Two observers assessed the overall image quality and ability to visualize 14 small anatomic structures using a 5-point scale, with a score of 3-5 indicating imaging of diagnostic quality. Results: Noise was significantly higher and the signal-to-noise ratio was significantly lower with low-dose CT. Although the overall image quality and visibility of several structures on low-dose CT were significantly reduced when compared with standard-dose CT, all the image quality scores were 3 or >3. The dose-length products for low-dose CT and standard-dose CT were 59.6 mGy·cm and 119.3 mGy·cm, respectively. Conclusion: Low-dose CT of the temporal bone using 320-row CT provides images of diagnostic quality for assessment of middle and inner ear anatomy, similar to that provided by the standard-dose protocol, in spite of increased image noise.

AB - Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the image quality obtained using low-dose and standard-dose 320-row temporal bone computed tomography (CT) in paediatric patients. Methods: Thirteen low-dose CT (120 kV/50 mAs) and nine standard-dose CT (120 kV/100 mAs) images from children up to 5 years of age were compared for their image quality. The noise and signal-to-noise ratio for bone, fat and air were measured. Two observers assessed the overall image quality and ability to visualize 14 small anatomic structures using a 5-point scale, with a score of 3-5 indicating imaging of diagnostic quality. Results: Noise was significantly higher and the signal-to-noise ratio was significantly lower with low-dose CT. Although the overall image quality and visibility of several structures on low-dose CT were significantly reduced when compared with standard-dose CT, all the image quality scores were 3 or >3. The dose-length products for low-dose CT and standard-dose CT were 59.6 mGy·cm and 119.3 mGy·cm, respectively. Conclusion: Low-dose CT of the temporal bone using 320-row CT provides images of diagnostic quality for assessment of middle and inner ear anatomy, similar to that provided by the standard-dose protocol, in spite of increased image noise.

KW - 320-row detector

KW - Computed tomography

KW - Dose reduction

KW - Temporal bone

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