Imaging of Defect Signal of Reinforcing Steel Bar at High Lift-Off Using a Magnetic Sensor Array by Unsaturated AC Magnetic Flux Leakage Testing

Minoru Hayashi, Taisei Kawakami, Taisuke Saito, Kenji Sakai, Toshihiko Kiwa, Keiji Tsukada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reinforcing steel bars (rebars) in the concrete need to be inspected to prevent the structure from collapsing. Magnetic nondestructive testing methods can inspect the rebar without the influence of concrete. However, since the inspection is performed at a high lift-off on concrete, a strong applied magnetic field is required in order to measure a sufficient magnetic signal generated from the rebar. In addition, if a single sensor is used to measure the rebar, this requires the scanning of extensive area along the invisible rebar covered with the concrete. To overcome these problems, we have developed a method to detect and image the defect signal using unsaturated ac magnetic flux leakage (USAC-MFL) testing combining a magnetic sensor array probe. The USAC-MFL is a method that uses an alternating magnetic field in the initial magnetization characteristics of steel, which does not require a strong applied magnetic field compared to the conventional MFL method. By measuring the magnetic flux from the rebar in a wide area using the magnetic sensor array probe, the defect signal was able to be detected and imaged. The defect signal was able to be confirmed up to the lift-off of 100 mm even when the defect was half length of the rebar or located on the back side.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9171309
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • High lift-off
  • magnetic flux leakage (MFL) testing
  • magnetic sensor array
  • reinforcing steel bar (rebar)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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