Image Quality of Coronary Arteries on Non-electrocardiography-gated High-Pitch Dual-Source Computed Tomography in Children with Congenital Heart Disease

Yuichiro Kanie, Shuhei Sato, Akihiro Tada, Susumu Kanazawa

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate image quality of coronary artery imaging on non-electrocardiography (ECG)-gated high-pitch dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and to assess factors affecting image quality. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 142 children with CHD who underwent non-ECG-gated high-pitch DSCT. The subjective image quality of the proximal coronary segments was graded using a five-point scale. A score <3 represented a non-diagnostic image. Age, body weight, and heart rate were compared between the two groups: patients with good diagnostic image quality in all four segments and patients with at least one segment with non-diagnostic image quality. Predictors of image quality were assessed by multivariate logistic regression, including age, body weight, and heart rate. Four-hundred-fifty-seven of the 568 segments (80.5%) had diagnostic image quality. Patients with non-diagnostic segments were significantly younger (21.6 ± 25.5 months), had lower body weight (7.82 ± 5.00 kg), and a faster heart rate (123 ± 23.7 beats/min) (each p < 0.05) than patients with diagnostic image quality in all four segments (30.6 ± 20.7 months, 10.3 ± 4.00 kg, and 113 ± 21.6 beats/min, respectively; each p < 0.05). The multivariate logistic regression revealed that body weight (odds ratio 1.228; p = 0.029) was a significant predictor of image quality. Non-ECG-gated high-pitch DSCT provided adequate image quality of the proximal coronary segments in children with CHD. Lower body weight was a factor that led to poorer image quality of the coronary arteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Cardiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jul 8 2017

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Keywords

  • Congenital heart disease
  • Coronary CT angiography
  • Dual-source CT
  • High pitch
  • Non-ECG-gated

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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