Ignition control in a gasoline compression ignition engine with ozone addition combined with a two-stage direct-injection strategy

Y. Kobashi, Y. Wang, G. Shibata, H. Ogawa, K. Naganuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To control the ignition timing in a gasoline compression ignition (GCI) engine, ozone (O3) was introduced into the intake air. The O-radicals are decomposed from the O3 above 550 K during the compression stroke, and combine into oxygen (O2) in a very short time. The authors adopted two-stage direct injection to mix the fuel injected into the cylinder at very early timings with the O-radicals, before a reduction of the O-radicals would take place. The ignition timing of the second fuel injection for the main combustion is controlled by the heat release from the first fuel injection. In this paper, engine experiments were performed to examine the feasibility of the ignition control with a primary reference fuel, octane number 90 (PRF90). The O3 concentration, the quantity, and the timing of the first injection were changed as experimental parameters. The results showed that a very small quantity of O3, tens of ppm, is sufficient to promote the heat release of the first injected fuel. The heat release increases with the O3 concentration and the quantity of fuel in the first injection. The addition of O3 has no other impact on the ignition when the first injection timing is retarded to around −40°CA ATDC. In this manner, it is possible to control the ignition delays and to alter the combustion state from typical diesel combustion to premixed compression ignition combustion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-160
Number of pages7
JournalFuel
Volume249
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gasoline compression ignition engine
  • Ignition
  • Ozone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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