Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss: a comparison of the results of a nationwide epidemiological survey in Japan

Tadao Yoshida, Michihiko Sone, Ryosuke Kitoh, Shin Ya Nishio, Kaoru Ogawa, Sho Kanzaki, Naohito Hato, Satoshi Fukuda, Akira Hara, Tetsuo Ikezono, Kotaro Ishikawa, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kimitaka Kaga, Seiji Kakehata, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Takashi Nakagawa, Kazunori NishizakiYoshihiro Noguchi, Hajime Sano, Hiroaki Sato, Mikio Suzuki, Hideo Shojaku, Haruo Takahashi, Hidehiko Takeda, Testuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shin Ichi Usami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the differences between idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), and acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss (ALHL) using the results of a nationwide survey database in Japan and to analyze the variables associated with their clinical features and the severity of hearing impairment, treatment, and prognosis. Methods: Participants were patients registered between April 2014 and March 2016 in a multicenter epidemiological survey database involving 30 university hospitals and medical centers across Japan. Statistical analysis was performed to clarify the factors associated with their clinical characteristics and the severity of hearing impairment, treatment, and prognosis. Results: Idiopathic SSNHL and ALHL differed significantly in terms of male-to-female ratio, age distribution, and time from onset to start of treatment. The treatment methods and hearing prognosis also differed markedly between the two diseases. A majority (92%) of idiopathic SSNHL patients were administered some type of corticosteroid, while half of the ALHL patients received corticosteroids and a diuretic agent. Conclusion: The results suggested that idiopathic SSNHL and ALHL belonged to different categories of inner ear disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S38-S43
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 10 2017

Keywords

  • Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss
  • acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss
  • epidemiological survey
  • severity of hearing impairment
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Yoshida, T., Sone, M., Kitoh, R., Nishio, S. Y., Ogawa, K., Kanzaki, S., Hato, N., Fukuda, S., Hara, A., Ikezono, T., Ishikawa, K., Iwasaki, S., Kaga, K., Kakehata, S., Matsubara, A., Matsunaga, T., Murata, T., Naito, Y., Nakagawa, T., ... Usami, S. I. (2017). Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss: a comparison of the results of a nationwide epidemiological survey in Japan. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 137, S38-S43. https://doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2017.1297539